Media Release: 50th anniversary of the first UK live donor kidney transplant

ONE of the UK’s first transplant patients returned to the Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh this week to mark the 50th anniversary of the lifesaving surgery.

Linda Phillips, who was just nine years-old when she underwent the procedure, marked the major medical milestone with NHS Lothian and Edinburgh University.

The 53 year-old met up with clinicians past and present to remember the breakthrough operation which earned the RIE a place in history.

She said: “It is really important to mark the anniversary because that operation has helped change so many lives, including mine. Without it, they would not have been able to continue progressing and I wouldn’t be here today.”

Identical twins, Lewis and Martin Abbott, 49, underwent the first procedure of its kind in Britain on October 30th 1960.

Martin agreed to donate an organ to his brother who had been diagnosed with irreversible kidney failure.

Says a spokesperson: “The pair along with the late lead surgeon, Professor Michael Woodruff, and his dedicated team, including senior registrar at the time, Dr Bernard Nolan, changed the face of modern medicine.

“Dr Nolan carried the organ from the donor into the neighbouring theatre and then assisted Professor Woodruff to perform the transplant procedure.”

Said Dr Nolan: “It was a truly memorable day. We had the entire unit to ourselves. I assisted with the first operation to remove the kidney from the donor and then had the task of carrying it through to the recipient before I assisted Professor Woodruff with the second operation on the recipient.

“It was probably one of the most rewarding experiences of my life watching the recipient grow back to full strength.”

The spokesperson added: “The operation was hailed a huge success across the UK and the twins returned to their normal lives within weeks. They lived for six years before they died from unrelated disease.”

Dr Anne Lambie, who was a lecturer in therapeutics at the time and helped with the pre-operative treatment of the recipient, said: “The operation was the beginning of things to come and it was very exciting for all of us to be involved.

“It was a breakthrough. The team was the first to perform the procedure in the UK and it was fascinating for us to watch Lewis get better and be given his life back, although he seemed to take it all in his stride.”

The spokesperson went on: “The operation started a new chapter in transplant medicine and within a year the second operation had taken place.

“Between October 1960 and December 1974, 127 patients had undergone a renal transplant. By 1981, more than 100 of the patients still survived at a time when kidney failure treatment was nowhere near as advanced as today and many patients died.”

The 50th anniversary comes as NHS Lothian launches its own campaign to increase the number of registered organ donors in Lothian.

The health board is teaming up with big businesses, organisations, colleges and universities to encourage more people to join ‘sign up and save a life’.

A dedicated website has been created and donors can also join up by texting ‘fifty’ on their mobile phone to number 61611.

Consultant transplant surgeon, John Forsythe, of the Transplant Unit at the Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh and national lead transplant surgeon, said the 50th anniversary was an ideal opportunity to raise awareness of organ donation.

He added: “This is a vitally important date in Scottish and UK history because it marked a brand new era in medicine.

“The bravery of the twins and the work of Woodruff and his team showed that we could overcome the surgical problems of transplant and since then we have gradually overcome many of the problems of rejection.This means that transplant is now one of the most successful modern procedures

“Since that first operation, there have been further significant medical advances. We can transplant between people who do not have good tissue matching, such as spouse to spouse or ‘stranger’ donation. The donor operation has also changed completely and now most kidneys are removed by ‘keyhole surgery’.”

Cabinet Secretary, Nicola Sturgeon, urged more people to remember the anniversary by joining the register.

She said: “Transplants transform lives and it’s amazing how far the procedures have advanced in the 50 years since these pioneering operations were carried out in Edinburgh.

“Many people have huge reason to be grateful for the skill and vision of these early surgeons, as well as the bravery of their patients.

“But the reality is that many more lives could be saved if more organs were available.

|That’s why I would urge everyone to sign up to the organ donor register, if they haven’t already done so. It only takes a second, but it could save a life.”

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Contact: Kizzy Taylor
Phone: 0131 465 5644